People in the intermediate familial subtype often have co-occurring mental health problems, such as clinical depression or bipolar disorder. While this article isn’t a diagnosis, if you or your loved one fits the criteria of one of the models above, they may need help.
Roughly 50% meet the criteria for a clinical diagnosis of depression, while 20% battle bipolar disorder. Epsilon – The most advanced stage of alcoholism, presenting as uncontrollable cravings resulting in periodic incidents of compulsive excessive drinking. Alpha – The person is psychologically dependent upon alcohol to relieve emotional and/or physical pain. While it can be hard to figure out exactly when a drinking problem transitions into alcoholism, identifying your own patterns and figuring out why you’re abusing alcohol can help you move forward after realizing that your drinking is an issue. If you’re concerned about your own drinking or that of a loved one, it can be helpful to learn more about the five different progressions within the alcoholism continuum. At North Jersey Recovery Center, we strive to make your addiction treatment experience as comfortable as possible.
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Drinking during pregnancy can result in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Women are generally more sensitive than men to the harmful effects of alcohol, primarily due to their smaller body weight, lower capacity to metabolize alcohol, and higher proportion of body fat. In a small number of individuals, prolonged, severe alcohol misuse ultimately leads to cognitive impairment and frank dementia. „When most people think of alcoholics, they think of middle-aged men with a profile similar to our chronic severe subtype,“ Moss tells WebMD. The chronic severe subtype is the rarest subtype, accounting for about 9% of U.S. alcoholics. This subtype mainly includes men, has the highest divorce rate, and frequently includes users of illicit drugs. The intermediate familial subtype makes up nearly 19% of U.S. alcoholics.
An example of this kind of treatment is detoxification followed by a combination of supportive therapy, attendance at self-help groups, and ongoing development of coping mechanisms. Much of the treatment community for alcoholism supports an abstinence-based zero tolerance approach popularized by the 12 step program of Alcoholics Anonymous; however, some prefer a harm-reduction approach. The World Health Organization, the European Union and other regional bodies, national governments and parliaments have formed alcohol policies in order to reduce the harm of alcoholism. Guidelines for parents to prevent alcohol misuse amongst adolescents, and for helping young people with mental health problems have also been suggested. Around 18% of those with an alcohol addiction are intermediate familial alcoholics. Almost half of these individuals also have a close family member or relative who is also an alcoholic. The average age of this subtype is approximately 38, with the onset of consumption often beginning in the teen years.
Why Is Alcoholism Typology Important?
The intermediate familial subtype is a group of alcoholics with a family history of alcoholism. Members of this subgroup have an increased risk of suffering types of alcoholics from major depression, antisocial personality disorder , bipolar disorder, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder at some point in their lives.
Developmentally limited alcoholism is characterized by frequent heavy drinking in late adolescence that tends to remit to social drinking after the individual successfully assumes adult responsibilities, such as a career and a family. In so-called stammtisch drinkers, alcoholism is precipitated by exogenous causes.